Protection of Scheduled Tribes Under Indian Constitution

Author : Swapan Deb Barma

Indian Scheduled Tribes are group of Tribal communities and was given the name ‘Scheduled Tribes’ during the Post-Independence period, under the Indian Constitution . The term ‘Scheduled Tribes’ refers to specific indigenous peoples whose status is acknowlegdged to some formal degree by National Legislation. A collective term is used to locally to describe most of these peoples as ‘upajati’ (literally clans/tribes/groups). The primary criteria adopted for delimiting Indian backward communities as ‘scheduled Tribes’ include, Traditional occupation of whole range tribal modes of life i.e language, customs, traditional, religious beliefs, arts and crafts, etc, archaie traits portraying occupational pattern, economic development.

However, the Indian Constitution in Article 342(1) has provided a provision with respect to this community. This provision aimed to consider special needs for safeguarding their interest. As a result of which it become a responsible factor to protect their rights. The question is whether these rights are protected in true sense? Continue reading “Protection of Scheduled Tribes Under Indian Constitution”